Introduction to Psychology 趣味心理学2019智慧树知到答
1：The idea that human behavior is governed by a physical component and a non physical (i.e., spiritual) component is referred to as __.
2：What does Luigi Galvani’s research with applied electrical currents suggest?
智慧树正确答案：For completeness, wholeness, and roundness.
3：Who is credited with the development of Cartesian Dualism?
4：What philosophical view of human behavior is best supported by the work of Paul Broca?
5：According to materialism, what is the cause of human behaviour?
6：Determining whether something is true or false by observing it through experimentation is called . 智慧树正确答案：该问题答案暂未收录，请手动搜索。
7：What was William James main contribution to the field of Psychology?
智慧树正确答案：Generating and publishing ideas about psychological topics
8：Who is recognized as being the first psychologist?
9：Introspection is a technique wherein a person reflects upon and reports their personal experience. Early scientists criticized this technique because it was _. 智慧树正确答案：Indirect and subjective
10：According to Freud, psychological problems arise from conflict between the __ and the ____.
11：According to Freud, what is the part of our psyche that is instinctually driven by our basic needs, wants and desires?
12：According to Freud, what is the part of the psyche that attempts to balance immediate gratification and societal norms?
13：What is the best way to describe Freuds approach to psychology?
14：According to Freud, what is the part of our psyche that is most interested in maintaining societal norms and decency?
1：What is the branch of psychology called where researchers study how groups work together and people interact with each other?
2：Which part of the scientific process is observational research best suited for?
3：If the amount of time a student spent studying was positively correlated with grades achieved, what would we expect to see if someone had low grades?
智慧树正确答案：The student did not spend a lot of time studying.
4：A positive correlation between two variables means that as ___.
5：A scatter plot that shows a trend line that travels down to the right would demonstrate what type of correlation?
6：What does SR stand for in behavioral psychology?
7：What did the Little Albert Experiment tell us about the relation between stimuli and responses?
智慧树正确答案：Responses to stimuli can be conditioned
8：Why does cognitive psychology consider the computer to be good analogy of the human brain?
智慧树正确答案：It processes input and generates output.
9：What practice makes psychology a science rather than just a collection of ideas and arguments?
1：A t-test is a ratio of _ to _. 智慧树正确答案：错
2：Damage to which structure of the brain would result in deficits in motor learning and the production of uncoordinated movements?
3：A t-test is an example of __ statistics.
智慧树正确答案：between-group differences; within-group differences
4：The upper curves of the brain are called , while the deep grooves are called __. 智慧树正确答案：该问题答案暂未收录，请手动搜索。
5：What is the order of neuron structures from receiving information, processing information and sending information?
智慧树正确答案：synaptic cleft, cell body, dendrites
6：Why does the surface of the brain contain folds?
智慧树正确答案：They allow for more brain tissue to fit in the skull
7：Constricting pupils, stimulated digestive and salivation activity and constricting lungs are due to the activation of the _ system.
8：The peripheral nervous system links the brain to the _.
9：Why is the brainstem considered to be a reptilian system?
智慧树正确答案：It is a primitive brain structure
1：What impairment would you expect to see in an individual with damage to their primary visual cortex?
智慧树正确答案：Black spots in their field of vision
2：What is the process called in which the brain organizes and interprets visual information?
3：Seeing a small, red, shiny object is known as __, whereas knowing this object is an apple is known as _.
4：An individual who is unable to understand speech would most likely have damage to which area in the temporal lobe?
5：What is the primary role of the temporal lobe?
6：What is the term that refers to knowledge of where a persons body parts are located in space?
7：Why is more cortical tissue in the somatosensory cortex devoted to the lips than to the elbows?
智慧树正确答案：Lips require more sensory input
8：What is the term used to describe the inability to switch strategies following damage to the frontal lobes?
9：What is the primary role of the frontal lobes?
智慧树正确答案：Complex cognitive functions
1：What is the raw input of information or signals from the environment called?
2：What cells in the eye are responsible for edge detection?
3：Severing what brain structure results in split brain syndrome?
4：What photoreceptors of the eyes react to lots of light or color?
5：We are able to sense __.
智慧树正确答案：all of the energy coming at us from the world
6：Cones are more common at the __ of the eye whereas rods are more common in the __. 智慧树正确答案：C
7：Understanding how visual elements group together was a major focus of those studying __ psychology.
8：When we look at some visual scene, what we tend to consciously see ___.
1：At what age do children begin to develop a Theory of Mind?
2：What is the capacity to evaluate ourselves and our actions from the perspective of another person called?
智慧树正确答案：Theory of Mind
3：If genetics is playing a strong role in the production of a behaviour, then we would expect identical twins to have __ concordance on measures of that behaviour.
4：What is the evolutionary process wherein beneficial traits that promote survival are passed down from parent to child called?
5：According to behaviourists, the grasping reflex in human babies and the imprinting behaviours in baby ducks are both examples of _ behaviours.
6：What is the inhibition of inappropriate natural responses to a stimulus after repeated exposures called?
7：If, after doing many conditioning trials, a researcher presents the conditioned stimulus but DOES NOT follow it with the unconditioned stimulus, the research is likely examining _. 智慧树正确答案：extinction
8：The grasping, stepping and crawling reflexes all illustrate that some behaviours ___.
智慧树正确答案：do not have to be learned
1：Through observational learning children will often __ the negative behaviours they see around them.
2：Albert Banduras research on observational learning in children showed that when a child sees another child hit a Bobo doll, he or she was more likely to _ the doll.
3：What is the component of working memory that is used to solve problems?
4：What memory system is most closely related to our conscious experience of the world?
5：Existing memories can be used as _ cues to help you remember new information.
智慧树正确答案：D. All of the above
6：In terms of memory, what is primary the problem with using eye-witness testimony as evidence in legal cases?
智慧树正确答案：Memories are affected by the way questions are asked
7：When some bit of information is encountered across repeated but different contexts, that information ultimately resides in . 智慧树正确答案：single 、 complex 、 occupied 、 lengths 、 bought 、 child 、 adults 、 access 、 blocks 、 slightly
8：”Memory” should best be thought of as a _. 智慧树正确答案：Plural verb
1：Learning a new skill, such as tying a shoe lace, is an example of what type of memory?
2：What is the term for a person who pretends to be a participant in an experiment, but is actually working with the experimenters?
3：What did the “Milgram” experiment, in which participants were asked to inflict electrical shocks on other participants, tell us about the influence authority can have on the average person?
智慧树正确答案：Most people will conform to authority even when asked to perform immoral or unethical behaviors
4：A person who claims that a negative personal event is the result of their situation or other people’s behavior is demonstrating a(n) __ locus of control.
5：What hypothesis asserts that good things happens to good people and bad things happen to bad people?
6：Ash provided several experiments showing that people will agree with others even when they know those others are wrong. This sort of behaviour is called . 智慧树正确答案：conformity
7：One of the negatives of the human tendency to conform is that _. 智慧树正确答案：it can make people not think about the rational basis of certain behaviours
8：Participants in Milgram’s experiments on authority believed they were ___.
智慧树正确答案：How do you do, Ms.Herman? Very glad to see you.
1：On average, a man will perceive women as more attractive when theirs waists are ___ tenths the size of their hips.
2：On average, a person will find another person more attractive if the other person has _ pupils.
3：A major recent conceptual shift between the DSM-IV and the DSM-V is that the diagnosis of mental disorders is now regarded more as a __ and less of a __.
4：When talking about mental disorders, what is the primary caution that Steve has repeatedly made?
智慧树正确答案：Learning about mental disorders makes you see them everywhere
5：What is multiple personality disorder now called?
智慧树正确答案：Dissociative Identity Disorder
6：A person with a mental disorder that causes them to constantly think that there shoe lace is coming untied, and therefore continually bends down to check their shoe laces likely has what disorder?
智慧树正确答案：Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
7：What has a person experienced if he or she can’t remember anything about their life and, thus, starts an entirely new life – only to have the original memories return several years later?
智慧树正确答案：The EU has banned all imports of animal products from the Netherlands.
8：What class of mental disorders are pregnant women particularly susceptible to?
9：What mental disorder is characterized by extreme emotional highs followed by extreme emotional lows?
1：In schizophrenia, what is the term for the symptoms, such as auditory hallucinations, that cause the addition of non-existent information to a person’s perception of the world?
2：What is the common term for the most extreme version of a person with anti-social personality disorder?
3：Freud’s practice of psychoanalysis is an example of what type of therapy?
4：What type of psychological therapy does not direct the patient, but instead provides help and support to the patient, with the goal of letting the patient help themselves?
5：What type of therapy would most likely be used for a person trying to overcome a fear of heights?
6：What type of schizophrenia causes the person to become rigid and unable to move?
7：Theory of mind refers to the ability to know what someone else is:
8：Client-centered therapy is one example of a(n) _ therapy.
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