PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT AND CAREER ORIENTATION 个人发展与职业
1：问题:Socrates is the “father of Western philosophy” because_.
A:He is the first philosopher to write a book in the West.
B:He invented the Western scientific method.
C:He claimed that he didn’t know anything but could only ask questions.
D:He started a new religion.
答案: 【He claimed that he didn’t know anything but could only ask questions.】
2：问题:Personal development can be defined as:
E:Being promoted in your job
答案: 【Improving yourself】
3：问题: Measuring personal development requires self-assessment and also…
A:Taking a test
C:A framework for external observation
E:A framework of economic criteria
答案: 【A framework for external observation】
4：问题:The definition of a career is:
A:Having a promotion
B:How you make money
C:How companies define work
D:Developing yourself in your work
E:Spending several years in the same job
答案: 【Developing yourself in your work】
5：问题:Which of these statements about the Confucian idea of personal development is NOT TRUE?
A:Personal development is essentially achieved through learning
B:The practice of rituals lead to personal development
C:Personal development is scientific
D:Being a “superior person” (junzi) is the goal of personal development
答案: 【Personal development is scientific】
6：问题: In Taoist philosophy, the main disagreement with Confucius is about _ 选项：
A:The art of war
B:The scientific method
C:The use of poetry
D:The practice of rituals leads to personal development
答案: 【The practice of rituals leads to personal development】
7：问题: In Plato’s philosophy, the idea of transcendence means_
A:Philosophers should have a full-time profession
B:Philosophy is about arguing over truth
C:Philosophy is about truth that you cannot know through the senses
D:Philosophy is essentially an art form
答案: 【Philosophy is about truth that you cannot know through the senses】
8：问题:Aristotle’s ideas are important for today because_.
A:He invented science.
B:He was the first communist philosopher.
C:He inspired recent research in psychology and economics.
D:His lost works were discovered in Egypt last year.
答案: 【He inspired recent research in psychology and economics.】
9：问题:The idea of happiness that best describes the goal of personal development is:
答案: 【realising potential】
1：问题:A Personal Enterprise Plan is_ 选项：
A:A template to express who you want to be and what your development strategy is.
B:A template for starting a business
C:A mental technique to improve your memory
D:A job application
答案: 【A template to express who you want to be and what your development strategy is.】
2：问题:A business plan is_
A:An intelligence test given to entrepreneurs
B:A document that outlines the path to business success.
C:A document provided by a bank to start a business
D:A government subsidy to companies
E:A requirement to graduate from business schools
答案: 【A document that outlines the path to business success.】
3：问题:Which of these statements are NOT part of a Personal Enterprise Plan?
答案: 【Intelligence statement】
4：问题:Why was the PEP originally invented?
A:To test entrepreneurship in students
B:To test planning skills in business
C:To help young entrepreneurs think about their own development
D:To work with patients in a mental hospital in France
答案: 【To help young entrepreneurs think about their own development】
5：问题:How is the PEP used in business schools?
A:To teach business
B:To identify students who want to start a company
C:To provide a tool for personal development
D:The PEP is not taught in business schools
答案: 【To provide a tool for personal development】
6：问题:How is the PEP used in companies?
A:To select candidates in the hiring process
B:To test candidates for promotion
C:To support employees in their career strategy
D:To reward employees who have done a good job
答案: 【To support employees in their career strategy】
7：问题:Which of these criteria is NOT used in assessing the quality of a PEP?
A:Sincerity and Authenticity
B:Intelligence and Motivation
C:Clarity and Coherence
D:Feasibility and Realism
E:Openness and Flexibility
答案: 【Intelligence and Motivation】
8：问题:The PEP was tested at SAP in China and Brazil in order to:
A:Qualify for government subsidies
B:Show that it worked in different cultures
C:Create a case study for MBA programmes
D:Exchange employees between the two countries
答案: 【Show that it worked in different cultures】
9：问题:In a company, a mentor often helps employees in writing their PEP because:
A:Most employees are not good writers
B:Employees need help matching their aspirations with what the company needs
C:Employees need to take psychological tests
D:Employees don’t like personal development programmes
答案: 【Employees need help matching their aspirations with what the company needs】
10：问题:In the video clip of Catherine Marlowe presenting her PEP, what is her main personal development problem?
A:She hasn’t completed her PEP.
B:She can’t think of a career that she likes .
C:She wants to do too many things.
D:She is too influenced by her husband.
E:She doesn’t want to work.
答案: 【She wants to do too many things.】
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