INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY
1：问题:According to Freud, psychological problems arise from conflict between the_and the. 选项：
答案: 【Super-ego; Id】
2：问题:According to Freud, what is the part of our psyche that is instinctually driven by our basic needs, wants and desires?
3：问题:According to Freud, what is the part of the psyche that attempts to balance immediate gratification and societal norms?
4：问题:What is the best way to describe Freuds approach to psychology?
5：问题:According to Freud, what is the part of our psyche that is most interested in maintaining societal norms and decency?
6：问题:The idea that human behavior is governed by a physical component and a non physical (i.e., spiritual) component is referred to as__.
7：问题:What does Luigi Galvani’s research with applied electrical currents suggest?
A:Human behaviour is a combination of mechanical and spiritual components.
B:Human behaviour is caused by electrochemical processes.
C:The brain is divided into areas for specific tasks.
D:The brain is not divided into areas for specific tasks.
答案: 【Human behaviour is caused by electrochemical processes.】
8：问题:Who is credited with the development of Cartesian Dualism?
答案: 【Rene Descartes】
9：问题:What philosophical view of human behavior is best supported by the work of Paul Broca?
10：问题:According to materialism, what is the cause of human behaviour?
答案: 【Physical mechanisms】
11：问题:Determining whether something is true or false by observing it through experimentation is called___.
12：问题:What was William James main contribution to the field of Psychology?
A:Conducting the first laboratory based research experiments
B:Generating and publishing ideas about psychological topics
C:Measuring the speed of neural transmission rate
D:Training observers how to perform introspection
答案: 【Generating and publishing ideas about psychological topics】
13：问题:Who is recognized as being the first psychologist?
D:Hermann Von Helmholtz
答案: 【Wilhelm Wundt】
14：问题:Introspection is a technique wherein a person reflects upon and reports their personal experience. Early scientists criticized this technique because it was___.
A:Indirect and objective
B:Direct and subjective
C:Direct and objective
D:Indirect and subjective
答案: 【Indirect and subjective】
1：问题:What is the branch of psychology called where researchers study how groups work together and people interact with each other?
答案: 【Social Psychology】
2：问题:Which part of the scientific process is observational research best suited for?
答案: 【Generating questions】
3：问题:If the amount of time a student spent studying was positively correlated with grades achieved, what would we expect to see if someone had low grades?
A:The student did not spend a lot of time studying
B:The student spent a lot of time studying
C:A strong negative correlation
D:There is not enough information to determine correlation
答案: 【The student did not spend a lot of time studying】
4：问题:A positive correlation between two variables means that as_.
A:one variable increases, the other variable increases
B:one variable increases, the other variable decreases
C:one variable decreases, the other variable stays the same
D:one variable decreases, the other variable increases
答案: 【one variable increases, the other variable increases】
5：问题:A scatter plot that shows a trend line that travels down to the right would demonstrate what type of correlation?
答案: 【negative correlation】
6：问题:What does SR stand for in behavioral psychology?
答案: 【Stimulus Response】
7：问题:What did the Little Albert Experiment tell us about the relation between stimuli and responses?
A:Responses to stimuli cannot be conditioned
B:Responses to stimuli can be conditioned
C:Conditioned responses can be eliminated
D:Conditioned responses cannot be eliminated
答案: 【Responses to stimuli can be conditioned】
8：问题:Why does cognitive psychology consider the computer to be good analogy of the human brain?
A:It records information as binary code
B:It stores vast quantities of information
C:Its operations cannot be seen
D:It processes input and generates output
答案: 【It processes input and generates output】
9：问题:What practice makes psychology a science rather than just a collection of ideas and arguments?
B:Publishing journal articles
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