INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY 趣味心理学
1：问题:The idea that human behavior is governed by a physical component and a non physical (i.e., spiritual) component is referred to as___.
2：问题:What does Luigi Galvani’s research with applied electrical currents suggest?
A:Human behaviour is a combination of mechanical and spiritual components.
B:Human behaviour is caused by electrochemical processes.
C:The brain is divided into areas for specific tasks.
D:The brain is not divided into areas for specific tasks.
答案: 【Human behaviour is caused by electrochemical processes.】
3：问题:Who is credited with the development of Cartesian Dualism?
答案: 【Rene Descartes】
4：问题:What philosophical view of human behavior is best supported by the work of Paul Broca?
5：问题:According to materialism, what is the cause of human behaviour?
答案: 【Physical mechanisms】
6：问题:Determining whether something is true or false by observing it through experimentation is called___.
7：问题:What was William James main contribution to the field of Psychology?
A:Conducting the first laboratory based research experiments
B:Generating and publishing ideas about psychological topics
C:Measuring the speed of neural transmission rate
D:Training observers how to perform introspection
答案: 【Generating and publishing ideas about psychological topics】
8：问题:Who is recognized as being the first psychologist?
D:Hermann Von Helmholtz
答案: 【Wilhelm Wundt】
9：问题:Introspection is a technique wherein a person reflects upon and reports their personal experience. Early scientists criticized this technique because it was__.
A:Indirect and objective
B:Direct and subjective
C:Direct and objective
D:Indirect and subjective
答案: 【Indirect and subjective】
10：问题:According to Freud, psychological problems arise from conflict between the_and the. 选项：
答案: 【Super-ego; Id】
11：问题:According to Freud, what is the part of our psyche that is instinctually driven by our basic needs, wants and desires?
12：问题:According to Freud, what is the part of the psyche that attempts to balance immediate gratification and societal norms?
13：问题:What is the best way to describe Freuds approach to psychology?
14：问题:According to Freud, what is the part of our psyche that is most interested in maintaining societal norms and decency?
1：问题:What is the branch of psychology called where researchers study how groups work together and people interact with each other?
答案: 【Social Psychology】
2：问题:Which part of the scientific process is observational research best suited for?
答案: 【Generating questions】
3：问题:If the amount of time a student spent studying was positively correlated with grades achieved, what would we expect to see if someone had low grades?
A:The student did not spend a lot of time studying
B:The student spent a lot of time studying
C:A strong negative correlation
D:There is not enough information to determine correlation
答案: 【The student did not spend a lot of time studying】
4：问题:A positive correlation between two variables means that as_.
A:one variable increases, the other variable increases
B:one variable increases, the other variable decreases
C:one variable decreases, the other variable stays the same
D:one variable decreases, the other variable increases
答案: 【one variable increases, the other variable increases】
5：问题:A scatter plot that shows a trend line that travels down to the right would demonstrate what type of correlation?
答案: 【negative correlation】
6：问题:What does SR stand for in behavioral psychology?
答案: 【Stimulus Response】
7：问题:What did the Little Albert Experiment tell us about the relation between stimuli and responses?
A:Responses to stimuli cannot be conditioned
B:Responses to stimuli can be conditioned
C:Conditioned responses can be eliminated
D:Conditioned responses cannot be eliminated
答案: 【Responses to stimuli can be conditioned】
8：问题:Why does cognitive psychology consider the computer to be good analogy of the human brain?
A:It records information as binary code
B:It stores vast quantities of information
C:Its operations cannot be seen
D:It processes input and generates output
答案: 【It processes input and generates output】
9：问题:What practice makes psychology a science rather than just a collection of ideas and arguments?
B:Publishing journal articles
1：问题:A t-test is a ratio ofto. 选项：
A:expected values; observed values
B:between-group differences; within-group differences
D:highest scores; lowest scores
答案: 【between-group differences; within-group differences】
2：问题:Damage to which structure of the brain would result in deficits in motor learning and the production of uncoordinated movements?
3：问题:A t-test is an example of__statistics.
4：问题:The upper curves of the brain are called, while the deep grooves are called_. 选项：
B:gyri, grey matter
D:white matter, fissures
答案: 【gyri, fissures】
5：问题:What is the order of neuron structures from receiving information, processing information and sending information?
A:dendrites, cell body, axon
B:axon terminal, cell body, dendrites
C:terminal buttons, dendrites, cell body
D:synaptic cleft, cell body, dendrites
答案: 【dendrites, cell body, axon】
6：问题:Why does the surface of the brain contain folds?
A:They look stylish
B:Pressure from cerebral fluids
C:To match the grooves on the inside of the skull
D:They allow for more brain tissue to fit in the skull
答案: 【They allow for more brain tissue to fit in the skull】
7：问题:Constricting pupils, stimulated digestive and salivation activity and constricting lungs are due to the activation of the____system.
8：问题:The peripheral nervous system links the brain to the___.
B:central nervous system
9：问题:Why is the brainstem considered to be a reptilian system?
A:It is present in all reptiles
B:It is shaped like a snake
C:It is attached to the brain stem
D:It is a primitive brain structure
答案: 【It is a primitive brain structure】
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