Personal Development and Career Orientation 个人发展与职业
1：Socrates is the “father of Western philosophy” because____.
智慧树正确答案：He claimed that he didn’t know anything but could only ask questions.
2：Personal development can be defined as:
3：Measuring personal development requires self-assessment and also…
4：The definition of a career is:____. 智慧树正确答案：Developing yourself in your work
5：Which of these statements about the Confucian idea of personal development is NOT TRUE?
智慧树正确答案：Personal development is scientific.
6：In Taoist philosophy, the main disagreement with Confucius is about
智慧树正确答案：a restless young man
7：In Plato’s philosophy, the idea of transcendence means
智慧树正确答案：lines and rows, circle
8：Aristotle’s ideas are important for today because____.
智慧树正确答案：He inspired recent research in psychology and economics.
9：The idea of happiness that best describes the goal of personal development is:
1：A Personal Enterprise Plan is
2：A business plan is
智慧树正确答案：step 、 are looking for 、 your own meoney 、 develop 、 your services
3：Which of these statements are NOT part of a Personal Enterprise Plan?
4：Why was the PEP originally invented?
智慧树正确答案：To help young entrepreneurs think about their own development
5：How is the PEP used in business schools?
智慧树正确答案：To provide a tool for personal development
6：How is the PEP used in companies?
智慧树正确答案：To support employees in their career strategy
7：Which of these criteria is NOT used in assessing the quality of a PEP?
智慧树正确答案：Intelligence and Motivation
8：The PEP was tested at SAP in China and Brazil in order to:____. 智慧树正确答案：Show that it worked in different cultures
9：In a company, a mentor often helps employees in writing their PEP because:
智慧树正确答案：Employees need help matching their aspirations with what the company needs .
10：In the video clip of Catherine Marlowe presenting her PEP, what is her main personal development problem?
智慧树正确答案：She wants to do too many things.
1：Identity can be defined as____
智慧树正确答案：How we see and imagine ourselves
2：Which of these is NOT part of your identity?
智慧树正确答案：Your student ID number
3：The main difference between conservative and entrepreneurial identity is that__________.
智慧树正确答案：Conservative identity is about integrating past and entrepreneurial identity is about creating the future.
4：Dreams are useful in career orientation because
智慧树正确答案：They are projections that help define long terms goals in life
5：Which one of these statements about dreams is NOT supported by research on dreams ?
智慧树正确答案：Most people never realise their dreams in their future career .
6：The main difference between a dream and an aspiration is:
7：Watching the video of Sinclair Liu talking about his dreams, which dream do you think he cannot be sure to realise?
智慧树正确答案：Living to age 95
8：Which of these enterprise statements is NOT appropriate for your PEP?
智慧树正确答案：My enterprise is decided by my parents.
9：What is an achievement statement?
智慧树正确答案：Important actions that you took in the past and that you will take in the future
10：Which type of learning statement is NOT appropriate for your PEP?
智慧树正确答案：Your intelligence test score
1：In the two hand model, there are 5 career success factors. Which factor is NOT a career success factor?
智慧树正确答案：Your university degree
2：For the left hand of the two hand model, which lifestyle factor is NOT in the model?
3：Why are women’s career paths different from those of men?
智慧树正确答案：Women give priority to children when they are young.
4：The model for stages of life has changed in the last 40 years because____.
智慧树正确答案：Society has changed
5：Which of these factors are NOT present in the CQ model of cultural intelligence?
6：Research has found a number of universal attributes in leadership behaviour. This research is based on____.
智慧树正确答案：Surveys in different cultural regions of the world
7：The company SAP used a model for readiness of Chinese managers to become global leaders because____.
智慧树正确答案：Readiness measured motivation as well as capability
8：The concept of “career anchors” developed by Edgar Schein is useful because____.
智慧树正确答案：Anchors show you what type of career interests you most
9：The idea of a “third active life” is new because:____.
智慧树正确答案：Most people renew the way they work to keep developing themselves
10：Which of these statements did Confucius NOT say?
智慧树正确答案：At twenty, I passed the state examination.
1：Feedback is important in personal development because____.
智慧树正确答案：It gives you external information to guide your development
2：Where did the concept of feedback come from?
智慧树正确答案：It was invented in World War 2 while working on anti aircraft guns.
3：What is a 720?
智慧树正确答案：A feedback and coaching process
4：What is coaching in personal development?
智慧树正确答案：Giving feedback and guidance
5：What is a mentor in personal development?
智慧树正确答案：Giving advice and guidance for “big picture” issues
6：In his IDEAL statement, Taleeb says he feels special. Why does he feel special?
智慧树正确答案：Because he almost died.
7：Taleeb mentions that he is spiritual and has a guru. This means that he is____.
智慧树正确答案：He has a strong desire to live a good life
8：Taleeb drew a conclusion from his 720 coaching with Philip about “being too Indian”. His reaction was:.
9：Taleeb was surprised about something people said about him. What did they say?
智慧树正确答案：They said he worries too much and doesn’t share his feelings with others.
10：Your report on your 720 assignment is short because.
智慧树正确答案：The main advantage is for you to get feedback in order to write your PEP
1：In the case of Professor Bob Aubrey, the problem he saw about his identity as CEO when he wrote his PEP was:
智慧树正确答案：He had defined himself too much as an entrepreneur and CEO
2：The video on the Foxconn suicides in 2010 revealed that:____. 智慧树正确答案：The company’s managers did not treat workers as humans.
3：Which of these economic and social changes does NOT increase the need for personal development at work?
智慧树正确答案：Personal development is a requirement in Chinese labour law.
4：Is cost a KPI (Key Performance Indicator) or a KDI (Key Development Indicator)?
5：Is motivation a KPI (Key Performance Indicator) or a KDI (Key Development Indicator)?
6：Is learning a KPI (Key Performance Indicator) or a KDI (Key Development Indicator)?
7：Is profit a KPI (Key Performance Indicator) or a KDI (Key Development Indicator)?
8：Human Resources experts have made a number of criticisms of the annual performance review. Which of these is NOT a criticism of the performance review.
智慧树正确答案：Performance reviews are used to decide on the bonus an employee gets for the year.
9：In the case study where Lina is talking with her manager, what has changed in the second discussion that was not there in her first discussion?
智慧树正确答案：Lina talked about her lifestyle goals rather than complaining about her salary.
10：Self-managed careers require more self-directed learning and development because: ____.
智慧树正确答案：You don’t have an organisation to help you
1：What is the purpose of the SCORE analysis in your PEP?
智慧树正确答案：To provide a way of matching strengths and concerns with career opportunities and risks on the job market
2：The benefit for you to take an online questionnaires about your strengths is to:
3：In psychology a “blind spot” is:
智慧树正确答案：An area where you don’t perceive new information
4：In the case of Roger, how did the social worker turned a concern into a strength?
智慧树正确答案：She turned his hobby into a professional enterprise.
5：What of these effects is linked to self-efficacy as defined by the psychologist Albert Bandura?
智慧树正确答案：Self-efficacy is why people become leaders.
6：How does the wrong career lead to a midlife crisis?
智慧树正确答案：Your work loses its meaning because it doesn’t correspond to one of your dreams.
7：In the case of Nina what is the concern that she overcame when choosing between her career at the end of her MBA :
智慧树正确答案：She felt she was not entrepreneurial in making life choices.
8：In the case study with Florence, what was the concern she had with her team members?
智慧树正确答案：She seemed to think of herself as superior and didn’t care about them.
9：Florence’s manager believed she had potential to develop but wanted to focus more on:
智慧树正确答案：Meeting short term performance objectives.
10：Which of the following personal development elements are NOT used in writing your SCORE ?
1：Larry Liu’s career and lifestyle dilemma is:
智慧树正确答案：He wants to take care of his parents in China and also have an international career
2：Stanley Milgram of Yale University discovered that people are connected by “six degrees of separation”. This means:____. 智慧树正确答案：You can connect with anyone in the world by personally communicating with only six people.
3：The classic sociological study by Mark Granovetter showed that students get jobs from “weak ties” rather than “strong ties” because:
智慧树正确答案：Weak ties open up new networks making it easier to find a job opportunity.
4：What is a competency?
智慧树正确答案：It is a capability that allows you to get a result with consistence and with high quality.
5：True or false? Anything can be a competency as long as there is someone who needs that capability.
6：Positioning is how you present yourself in a market situation. Which is these would you NOT include in your positioning statement for a job?
智慧树正确答案：What subjects you studied in school?
7：True or false? You need to reposition yourself every time you want to change your job.
8：The reason you need to a Plan B in your PEP is because:
智慧树正确答案：You need to demonstrate an open and flexible career orientation.
9：In Hayssam Hobolla’s PEP, he says he is a Citizen of the World because:____. 智慧树正确答案：He has lived in many countries and feels comfortable in any culture.
10：In Larry Liu’s PEP, his positioning statement is:____. 智慧树正确答案：With my international experience and combination of technical and management skills, I’m ready to lead an Asia-wide project.
1：The ancient Greek philosopher is famous for saying that “Man is the Measure of all things”. In terms of personal development this means:
智慧树正确答案：You have to balance the point of view of the individual with an external assessment of development
2：Peer assessment can be used for evaluating the quality of a PEP because:____. 智慧树正确答案：Students who have done their PEP can use criteria to validate work and give feedback.
3：Which one of these pairs of criteria is NOT used for PEP assessment?
智慧树正确答案：Innovation and creativity
4：The Peer Assessment process has four phases. These are:
智慧树正确答案：Presentation, Q&A, Jury deliberation, feedback
5：Which of these is NOT an option for the Peer Assessment jury to give as a grade?
6：What is the main benefit for students to be Peer Assessors?
智慧树正确答案：They learn how to make judgments using criteria.
7：What is the purpose of giving feedback and making recommendations at the end of the PEP Assessment is:____. 智慧树正确答案：Help the candidate to progress in personal development
8：When judging a PEP that has missing elements, the Peer Assessment panel should:
智慧树正确答案：Give an “Incomplete” and ask the student to finish the PEP to get a “Pass”
9：The mention “Excellent” can be given to a PEP assessment when…
智慧树正确答案：The student show outstanding quality in all 4 criteria.
10：Peer Assessors and the Candidate are asked to sign the Peer Assessment form because:____. 智慧树正确答案：It certifies that the assessment has been done according to the rules.
1：In the Peter Liu case study, what he wanted to do in his career created a dilemma. What was the reason for his career problem?
智慧树正确答案：He wanted to change his career and get into the outdoor sports and tourism business.
2：In the Indra Nooyi video, she says she was surprised that about the advice her two daughters gave to her when she asked them if she should quit her job. What was their advice?
智慧树正确答案：Follow your dream and keep your job
3：Which of these “known unknowns” does NOT suggest that personal development will be important for your generation?
4：For a job application, you can include a number of elements from your PEP in your personal statement. Which element of your PEP would you NOT include in your personal statement?
5：In the video, the recruiter Aimee Bateman gives advice on how to answer the question: “Tell me about yourself”. Which one does she NOT advise you to talk about?
智慧树正确答案：Describe your weaknesses
6：Universities ask students applying for graduate studies to write a “personal statement”. They do this because:
智慧树正确答案：They want to understand you as a person in order to know if they prefer you or some other equally qualified candidate.
7：Which one of these elements of your PEP should you NOT put into your personal statement?
8：If you are going to start a company or work freelance, which combination of PEP elements are the most useful for your career orientation?
智慧树正确答案：Dream, enterprise statement, 720
9：The famous entrepreneur Ma Yun (Jack Ma) says that entrepreneurs are motivated mostly by:____. 智慧树正确答案：Their dreams
10：Later in your career, if you are a manager in a company and you want move up to more responsibility, you can renew your PEP. Which part of your current PEP will change the most by the time you are 35 years old?
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